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ENC 1101: Writing Academic Arguments

v. POPSMART: reading, writing & thinking critically through popular culture.


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Prompt #13
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kayleythomas wrote in uf_enc1101
Answer one of the following prompts based upon the reading:

"Cyberspace"

1. Woolley uses a lot of "buzz" words and terms and phrases you might not recognize: cyberspace, global village, network, telepresence, etc. Choose two and explain what they mean, as you understand from the reading.

2. What does the discussion of replicators, genotypes, and phenotypes have to do with cyberspace?


"The Cyberpunk"

1. What are some of the "buzz" words and unique or unfamiliar terms that Leary uses? What do they mean to his essay?

2. Can you relate Leary's idea of pilot and TFYQA to society today and how we make use of the internet and other technology?
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“Cyberspace”
1. After trying to break down the root of the word cyberspace, Woolley finds the technicalities of the word unimportant. Instead, Woolley settles on a more conceptual definition that cyberspace is a frontier that is open to explore and eventually understand all of the wonders of this virtual world. The author is basically saying that there are endless possibilities when it comes to cyberspace.

The word network is explained to have been around since the beginning of society. However, Woolley goes on further to describe a network in the cyberspace world to be technology that is carries messages by a wire wave to communicate. In other words, networks keep people and information connected.

2. The terms replicators, genotypes, and phenotypes can be related back to computer viruses. Like in humans and animals, if the replicator, which stores information and replicates genes, is very similar to the process of how a computer becomes infected with a virus. Genes that produce good phenotypes are spread throughout the body, while bad ones disappear. When computers become infected, the “replicator” produces the virus over and over, which then spreads throughout the hard drive.

“The Cyberpunk”
1. Some of Leary’s buzz words include cyberperson, cybertech, cybperpolitics, and cybernaut. Although these words are somewhat self-explanatory, they are still buzz terms not generally heard in everyday internet language. These words add understanding to the article. Most of the terms are described at the start of the article so we start to get a sense of the author’s writing style and where this article may be going.

2. I can relate to the “pilot” idea and the “Think for yourself, question authority” concept. Leary is describing pilots as people who are pioneers in their field, people who push authority and continue to search for answers and think in new ways. People like Bill Gates are always looking for new ideas and concepts to improve the internet and the computer. He is a pilot in the computer and technology world.

Global village means that the location or time of an event doesn't matter, because everybody can find this event anytime in the internet. So now the world is like a village, everybody knows everything that happens in it, even though the events may happen at distant locations. "Time and space no longer restrict the exchange of information" (Woolley 6).

Telepresence is being able to be at a distant location, without being actually there. The example that the writer used was, when NASA wanted to create a robot to send to space. So a human could control the robot from earth, making the robot the human’s body in space.

The replicators, genotypes, and phenotypes are related to cyberspace, because that’s how a virus is created/transmitted. The replicator is the computer, the genotype is the data that’s being replicated, and the phenotype is the virus.

1. Cyberspace- "the point at which media flow together and surround us." This meaning made the most sense to me because like space, the internet completely surrounds us. We are wrapped up in media without completely understanding it.

Global village- Everyone has become connected, like a village, through the internet.

2. Replicators store information and produce genes. Genes produce good and bad phenotypes which spread throughout the body, similarly to a computer. When bad phenotypes are produces, viruses infect the hard drive

1. From my understanding of the reading, telepresence is the ability to be so close and connected to a location that it seems as if the person is actually there when in fact they aren’t.

The word global village was seen as a perfect expression of the new era in the 1980s because many new technologies such as the computer, satellite and cable links had become available. As a result of modern communication, news was able to travel faster than ever before to anywhere in the globe.


2. Replicators, genotypes, and phenotypes are linked through computer viruses. The Computer viruses are considered to be the replicators, the virus program would be the genotype and the effect the virus has on the computer when it is executed would be the phenotype.

1. Global village is a term used to express the idea that the world is connected and intertwined because of advancements in communicational technologies. Like a little village itself, where everyone knows everything and information can travel quickly, technology is able to transfer information without any regard to time and location.

Telepresence is a term used to describe a form of virtual reality. Technology is able to give off the effect that a you are in one place, when in fact you are not, and a type of computer or robot is what is actually there.

2. Replicators, genotypes, and phenotypes were discussed in ways that they affect a human body. Similarly as genes produce harmful virus that affect the body, virtual virus can have the same effect on technology. The genotype would be the way the virus program stores information on the virus and how it functions. When the virus attacks, it functions in a certain way that effects the hard drive system. That is considered the phenotype, a term used to describe the way the virus itself functions. The replicator simply creates several different copies of the "gene", meaning the virus itself.

1. Global village was seen as the perfect expression of the new era of finances and telephone networks. It helped move the finance system onto computers and communication networks, satellite and cable links that connect the whole globe. This help news travel around the world a lot faster.
Networks helped compute the development of computers that were deployed in projects. This help create a community between scattered researchers.

2.Replicators are the computer virus, the program is considered the genotype, and the phenotype is th effect of the virus on the computer.

1-The first buzz word i want to explain is Global Village. With this term, the author contrasts the internet with a village, explaining that just like a village, the internet is able to help us communicate with each other without having to travel far(or even not at all). The fact that the internet helped communications much easier and faster like in a village, helped spread financial, government and other news almost instantaneously
Another buzz word is networks. Networks helped people identify with a common group that was surfing the internet for the same reasons as them, thus categorizing the internet.
2- The author refers as computer programs as the genotypes. Then he described viruses being replicators, and when a virus affects a commuter program AKA a replicator affects a genotype, the author explains phenotype is happening.

Some of the "buzz" words and unique or unfamiliar terms that Leary uses are cyberperson, cybertech, cyberpolitics, cybernetics, and cybernaut. Even though these words are unfamiliar, they are still self-explanatory. The writer did a great job to make sure the readers understand what he is talking about. These words give a sense of the author’s writing style and creativity. When the author gives the definition of the words, it helps the reader to understand in what the direction the article is going and the main focus of the article.

Leary's idea of pilot and TFYQA can be related to society. Leary’s idea of pilot is someone who is willing to go out into the world to find the answer to the question himself. They are someone who ‘boldly package and steer ideas out there where no thoughts have gone before.’ They are cyberpunks. We have inventors that look for new ideas everyday to help improve our society.

Cyberspace

1. The term "telepresence" can be referred to today as virtual reality. You can feel that your are somewhere else through machinery that effects your senses. The term "global village" can be defined as global cohesion through the internet.

2. The replicators/computers store and replicate information. The information is the genotype/virus and the organism that comes from it-the infected computer- is the phenotype.

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